Guidelines and precautions of High Blood Pressure

1974 Guidelines and precautions

Very common health problem in every human at an early age is high blood pressure and also known as hypertension. The high blood pressure determined as pressure with flow of blood in arteries connected from heart to the body parts.

How to predict high blood pressure?

The pressure in arteries measured by considering two values, the contraction of ventricular with arteries pressure known as systolic. The reading 120/80 means the value above represents the systolic pressure and below value as diastolic pressure.
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If the readings are greater than 119 above and 79 below is known as pre-hypertension. You need to take precautions to overcome high blood pressure. But the American heart association has introduced guidelines in measuring with blood pressure from 140 over 90, to 130 over 80. The high blood pressure associated with chest pain, shortness of breath, headache, dizziness, or back or abdominal pain, seek medical care immediately.

Types of high blood pressures

Primary: The high blood pressure caused without any impact of diseases are considered to be primary high blood pressures. The activity of the hormones that regulate of blood volume and pressure. It is also influenced by environmental factors, such as stress and lack of exercise.

Secondary: These secondary high blood pressures developed by the effect of other diseases in body. There are several diseases that cause hypertension.

Causes of high blood pressure

The causes of high blood pressure are based on various factors as blood pressure differs throughout the day. The main cause is age factor these features of high blood pressures are observed frequently.

The diet with high salt and high fat processed foods with low potassium one major causes behind the high blood pressure. But high intake of salts lead to kidney failures. Treating high blood pressure in obese people is complex.
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It can be inherited genetically through parents. Also by cholesterol levels in body becoming artery walls very narrow blocking blood to flow through arteries.

Further, people with inactive tendency, obesity, consuming alcohol and smoking are more early effected by high blood pressure.


Diseases developing high blood pressure

Sleep apnea condition reducing the oxygen levels in body increases blood pressure causes stress on cardio vascular activity.

Hyperthyroidism causes irregular heart blood pumping rhythm develops various cardio vascular problems which may lead to high blood pressure.
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Diabetes makes arteries narrow causes difficulty in flow of blood may rise to adverse effects as high blood pressure.

Although, there are more diseases related to kidney and other organs which may lead to high blood pressure.

Effects of High blood pressure

Chronic Kidney Disease: The high blood pressure causes kidney failures when blood vessels become narrow in the kidneys.

Eye Damage:  Due to stress and pressure blood vessels in the eyes burst or bleed.  This may lead to vision change or blindness.
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Heart Attack:  The most common warning symptoms of a heart attack are chest pain or discomfort, upper body discomfort, and shortness of breath.


An individual with hypertension will not identify any symptoms. It can cause damage to the cardiovascular system and internal organs, such as the kidneys.

Moreover, long-term hypertension can cause atherosclerosis, results in the narrowing of blood vessels. This makes heart pumping harder to deliver blood to the body.


Reducing salt intake to under 5 g per day to decrease the risk of hypertension. This can benefit people both with and without hypertension.

Preferably it is more important to have fruits and vegetables, Whole-grain, high-fibre foods, beans, pulses, and nuts, omega-3-rich fish twice a week, non-tropical vegetable oils, for example, olive oil, skinless poultry and fish, low-fat dairy products

Maintaining weight

Hypertension related to excess body weight, reducing weight followed by a fall in blood pressure.
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Meanwhile, a healthy, balanced diet with a calorie intake that matches the individual’s size, sex, and activity level will help.

Physical exercise

However, Patients with hypertension should perform 30 minutes of moderate-intensity dynamic aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, cycling or swimming, on 5 to 7 days of the week.