Sore throat infection
Sore throat infection is a rough feeling in the throat that usually damages when you swallow. The major cause of a sore throat is viral infections, such as a cold or the flu. Pharyngitis, Tonsillitis and Laryngitis are the three types sore throats.
Strep throat, which is a common type of sore throat that caused by bacteria. With strep throat, the sore throat is more severe and continues.
Symptoms and causes
The symptoms of the sore throat can differ depending on the cause. The major symptoms are:
- pain or a scratchy sensation in the throat
- pain that worsens with swallowing or talking
- difficulty swallowing
- swollen glands in your neck or jaw
- red tonsils
- white patches or pus on your tonsils
- hoarse or muffled voice
Here the most common causes of sore throats range from infections to injuries.
Viral infection: There are several different viruses that can lead to the common cold and an upper respiratory infection. These viruses cause sore throat.
Bacterial infection: Bacterial infections can lead to strep throat, peritonsillar abscess, retropharyngeal abscess, diphtheria, epiglottitis. Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, also causes a sore throat.
Toxins: Cigarette smoke, air pollution, and noxious airborne chemicals can lead to a sore throat. Medical conditions, such as allergies, cough, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and tumors can cause a sore throat.
Injury: Injuries in the throat or neck area can lead to a sore throat. Excessive shouting can irritate the throat and larynx, also leading to a sore throat.
Home remedies for sore throat infection
Gargling with saltwater
Salt water can help to relives sore throat. It kills bacteria in the throat. Make a saltwater solution with a half-teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Gargle at least three times in a day, to help reduce swelling and keep the throat clean.
Honey is a common household remedy for sore throat. It is even more effective at nighttime coughs than common cough suppressants. Some studies show that honey is an effective wound healer, means it may help speed healing for sore throats.
Garlic has natural antibacterial properties. It has an organo-sulfur compound, allicin, to fight off infections. Regular basis of garlic supplement prevents the common cold. Adding fresh garlic to your diet is also a way of gaining its antimicrobial properties.
Fenugreek has many health benefits. It also has many forms. Fenugreek tea is a natural remedy for sore throats. It can relieve healing pain and kill bacteria that cause irritation or inflammation. Fenugreek is also an effective antifungal.
Drinking turmeric milk can treat a sore throat, cold and even persistent coughs. It can even relieve swelling and pain. In Ayurveda, it is known as a natural antibiotic.
Remedies for infants and children
Treating sore throats may be difficult in infants and children. Here, some common tips and remedies
- Moisture in the air can help relieve pain from a sore throat.
- Encourage your children to drink hydrated water as much as possible.
- Maintain precautions when giving cough drops to children under 10 years.
- Don’t give honey to your children above 1 year.