There are many different types of kale. The leaves can be green or purple in colour, and have either a smooth or curly shape.
The most common type of kale is called curly kale or Scots kale, which has green and curly leaves and a hard, fibrous stem.
A single cup of raw kale contains:
Vitamin A: 206%
Vitamin C: 134%
Vitamin B6: 9%
Kale filled with fibre and sulphur, both great for detoxifying your body and keeping your liver healthy. Antioxidants, such as carotenoids and flavonoids help protect against various cancers.
Kale contains very little fat, but large portion of the fat in it the omega-3 fatty acid called alpha linolenic acid. It is a good, plant-based source of calcium, a nutrient that is very important for bone health and plays a role in all sorts of cellular functions.
Two of the main ones are lutein and zeaxanthin, carotenoid antioxidants found in large amounts in kale. It lowers risk of macular degeneration and cataracts, two very common eye disorders.
Despite the low amount of calories, it does contain small amounts of protein and fibre. These are two of the most important nutrients when it comes to losing weight.
It is also a decent source of magnesium, an incredibly important mineral that most people don’t get enough of. Eating plenty of magnesium may be protective against type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Kale actually loaded with compounds to have protective effects against cancer. It includes sulforaphane, a substance to help fight the formation of cancer at the molecular level. It also contains indole-3-carbinol, another substance believed to help prevent cancer.