NASA GOLD (Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk), a new space mission will investigate the atmosphere in a major zone (between magnetosphere and ionosphere) with the help of a communication satellite, SES-14.
The mission will examine the temperature and the formation of the thermosphere, and the ionosphere, which obtains charged particles and radiation streaming from the sun. The mission will also identify how it influences our everyday life.
According to NASA, the GOLD mission will seek to understand what drives change in this region where terrestrial weather in the lower atmosphere interacts with the tumult of solar activity from above and Earth’s magnetic field.
GOLD mission located in western hemisphere
For the past several years, scientists using ground-based observations and low earth-orbit missions for observing the earth’s upper atmosphere. But, missing the bigger picture.
Now, with the GOLD mission scientists can easily examine ionosphere. While, the mission located in the western hemisphere, it will take a worldwide sweep of the ionosphere and upper climate each half-hour.
The constant monitoring will allow for observations of other phenomena, such as the effects of solar flares, said, Richard Eastes, the mission’s principal investigator at the University of Colorado Boulder.
The mission GOLD is a relatively new level of scientific research and it will work together with ICON (Ionospheric Connection Explorer) is launching this year.
GOLD will capture the global view from 22,000 miles above Earth’s surface. While, ICON will capture a nearer view from 350 miles above Earth, also directly measure the particles. While, GOLD is the NASA’S first science mission to fly an instrument as a commercially hosted payload.