Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway
After a sudden exit from moon mission, NASA is going to develop the new mars mission, Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway, to provide the ground for human exploration into the solar system. While, NASA will start the project in the 2020’s as part of the 2019 budget proposal.
William Gerstenmaier, associate administrator, Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, said, the Lunar Orbital Platform Gateway will give us a strategic presence in cislunar space. It will drive our activity with commercial and international partners and help us explore the Moon and its resources.
While, the power and propulsion element are the initial component of the gateway. Using high-power solar electric propulsion, the element can move the gateway between lunar orbits over its lifetime to maximize science and exploration operations. The element will give solid communications for the gateway and support for spacewalk communications.
Scientific investigations near and on the Moon
NASA also wants to use the gateway for scientific investigations near and on the Moon. NASA envisions the gateway will also support missions beyond the Earth and Moon system.
Also, NASA will launch a logistics module to the gateway, which enables cargo deliveries, research and technology demonstrations, commercial purpose.
While, NASA will develop dynamically complex robotic missions to the surface of the Moon in advance of a human return. NASA’s exploration missions will also support the missions that will take humans further into the solar system.
NASA’s Space Launch System rocket and Orion shuttle are the foundation of the future in deep space. While, the first integrated launch of the system around the Moon in 2020 and a mission with crew by 2023.
NASA also plans to take a several public/private partnerships in areas including in-space manufacturing and technologies to concentrate and process resources from the Moon and Mars.