The Aeolus mission from European space agency strive to advance its weather forecasting and comprehension of changes in manmade climate. It will be European space agency’s fifth planned Earth Explorer missions.
The satellite Aeolus captures data from remote locations without forecast reporting centers anywhere on earth. It consists of 5 feet large telescope, an ultra-sensitive receiver and Doppler wind Lidar. Moreover, Doppler device sends pulse of laser light through ultraviolet spectrum to the earth.
A small light from the particles in gases, winds, moisture, dust reflect back to the receiver. The receiver collects the data. The timestamp between the outgoing pulses known as “Backscattered signal “delivers the direction of wind with speed and distance.
Moreover, Data from satellite downloaded to the ground station Svalbard, Norway. Vega rocket delivers the satellite with 3000 payload raised into 320-kilometre orbit on Tuesday.
Although, others already completed operation have measured Earth’s gravity and geomagnetic fields, soil moisture, ocean salinity and frozen expanses collectively known as the cryosphere.
“Meteorologists urgently need reliable wind-profile data to improve accuracy,” the ESA said in a statement. Meanwhile, tropical winds in particular are very poorly mapped because of the almost complete absence of direct observations.