Sometimes, though, the immune system can produce auto antibodies that attack healthy cells, tissues, and organs. This can lead to autoimmune disease.
Autoimmune diseases can affect any part of the body. Some are relatively known, such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis, while others are rare and difficult to diagnose.
Causes of autoimmune diseases remain largely unknown. There is growing consensus that autoimmune diseases likely result from interactions between genetic and environmental factors.
The body makes antibodies directed towards the body’s own tissues. The auto antibodies attack the normal cells by mistake.
Many types of medicines used in specific types of autoimmune disease. While some treatments aim at relieving symptoms like pain and inflammation, others target the disease process.