Today In History May 29
1721 South Carolina formally incorporated as a royal colony
Royal colonies were those that in the absence or revocation of a private or proprietary charter came under the direct, everyday governmental control of the English monarchy. It is important to emphasize that the Crown and not Parliament held sovereignty over royal colonies. In theory their purpose, from the royal perspective, was in some ways similar to that of a medieval fiefdom. That is, the foremost function of a royal colony was to benefit the English Crown. Although most colonies started out as private or proprietary ventures, the majority became royal usually through revoked or time-limited charters well before the Revolutionary era. By the mid eighteenth century eight of the thirteen mainland colonies were royal: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Of these, only New Hampshire actually started out as a royal province and then only after Charles II annexed it from the then-privately chartered Massachusetts Bay Colony. New
1848 Wisconsin becomes 30th US state
Wisconsin is known as The Badger State (thus the University of Wisconsin Badgers). This nickname originally referred to the lead miners of the 1830s, who worked at the Galena lead mines in Illinois. These mines were in northwestern Illinois close to the borders of Wisconsin and Iowa. The Wisconsin miners lived, not in houses, but in temporary caves cut into the hillsides. The caves were described as badger dens and, the miners who lived in them, as badgers. The miners brought the nickname back to Wisconsin. Eventually, the nickname was applied to all of the people of Wisconsin and, finally, to the state itself. The badger was adopted as Wisconsin’s state animal in 1957.
1884 1st steam cable trams start in Highgate
The tramway opened in May 1884 and ran from Archway Tavern to Southwood road. It cost 2d to ascend the hill, 1d to get off halfway and 1d to descend the hill. It was the first cable line tramway in Europe. A San Franciscan, W. W. Hansom was employed to design the line but he gave up and was replaced by William Eppelsheimer who had designed the grip system for the San Francisco cable cars. The Highgate Tramway had double decker cars carrying 26 passengers inside and a further 28 on the roof. There were 5 cars in service and the cable ran at 6.5 miles per hour.
1916 Official flag of President of the United States adopted
The current flag of the United States President was adopted as amended by Executive Order of President Eisenhower in 1960. It consists of a blue field, and features a combination of the Presidential coat of arms and the U.S. Great Seal surrounded by 50 stars to represent each state in the United States.
The design was originally adopted in 1945 by Executive Order of President Truman. At that time, there were 48 states. A new star was added in 1959 for Alaska, and in 1960 for Hawaii.
There have been other flags used to represent the President of the United States. In 1882, it was noted that other countries had a flag that represented the head of state. As a result, the Navy issued an order setting out the design of a Presidential flag. It was to be used on war vessels when the President was present. In the late 1800s, the U.S. seal was changed. In response, the Navy flag was changed to reflect the new seal design.