Today In History June 4

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TODAY IN HISTORY JUNE 4

Among all the 365 days within the calendar, most folks only remember dates that hold a special place in our personal lives. However, it might be intriguing to understand that each date in the calendar has a lot more significance than what meets the attention. If reliable online sources, history books, and other sources are to be revisited, we might be astonished by the importance of every day. 4th June to be one such day that would be ignored by most of the people as just another day on the calendar, sadly thanks to ignorance. It was a day when the Louisiana Territory was renamed and Sally Murphy became the first lady pilot to join the U.S forces among numerous other significant events. 4th June is additionally known for being the day when several great battles just like the ‘Battle of Midway’, were fought. 4th June is also remembered as the day when henry III held the reins of the Roman Empire, and important decisions just like the signing of the ‘Treaty of Cebu’ were made. Several important events within the fields of music and literature also occurred on June 4th.

1039: Henry III becomes the head of the State

Henry III was the eldest son of the former Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad II. It was on this day in 1039 that he stepped into his father’s shoes. However, the official ceremony took place in 1046, in the presence of Pope Clement II.

1565: ‘Treaty of Cebu’ Signed

This treaty, signed between Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, an explorer of Spanish descent and monarch Rajan Tupas of Cebu, resulted during a situation of Suzerainty in Spain. This important political development happened on 4th June 1565.

1792: Captain George Vancouver Discovers Puget sound

Puget Sound is an unusual phenomenon that was observed within the North West coast of the American state of Washington. It was on 4th June 1792 that a Royal Navy Captain named George Vancouver captured the region, which is now popular among the masses for this phenomenon.

1802: King Charles Emmanuel IV gives up his throne

Charles Emmanuel IV was the King of Sardinia and was married to the sister of King Louis XVI of France. Charles was so devoted to his wife, that when she died in March 1802, he was devastated, and consequently gave away his throne on 4th June 1802, to his brother Victor Emmanuel.

1878: Cyprus Convention took place

It was on today in 1874, that a treaty at the Cyprus Convention was reached between the Ottoman Empire and the U.K. As per the accord, the Ottoman Empire granted control of Cyprus to the U.K, in exchange U.K was to support the Ottoman Empire during the Congress of Berlin.

1913: Emily Davison dies in front of King George V’s Horse

During the period between the end of the 19th and the start of the 29th century, several women indulged in a movement to gain the right to vote. It was on 4th June 1913, that a suffragette, Emily Davison, died as she ran in front of King George V’s horse carriage, supposedly in an attempt to pin a banner on the carriage.

1919: The Amendment is announced

In a major victory for women’s rights, the U.S approved the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which allowed every citizen to vote, regardless of sex, it was on this day in 1919, that the bill was passed by the Senate and had to be ratified by all 36 states, by 18th August 1920.

1920: Treaty of Trianon signed

The Treaty of Trianon was a treaty of peace formalizing the end of World War I, between the Allies and Hungary. It was signed on this day in 1920 at Versailles, France, and came into effect on 31st July 1920.

1928: The President of the Republic of China killed

Zhang zuolin, the military leader who governed Manchuria and had conquered other parts of China also, by 1926. However, he was defeated by the Chinese nationalists in May 1928 and was assassinated on 4th June 1928.

1932:Marmaduke Grove built the Socialist Republic of Chile

Marmaduke Grove Vallejo was an exceptional military officer who was committed to bringing democracy to his country, Chile. It was on 4th June 1932 that he overthrew President Juan Esteban Montero and established the Socialist Republic of Chile, which unfortunately lasted only for 12 days.

1934:Franklin Roosevelt asks Congress for Funds

President Franklin Roosevelt requested the Congress to lend a sum of $52.5 million as funds to combat the drought condition in Great Plains, USA. Roosevelt immediately took corrective measures and improved the situation in the region.

1939: The ‘SS St, Louis’ Holocaust

‘SS St. Louis’ was a ship captained by Gustav Schroder, which sailed with a motive to relocate 908 Jews fleeing from Nazi Germany, in 1939. It was on 4th June that the American government refused permission for the Jews to immigrate to the U.S and also refuse permission to land in Florida. Many of these passengers were executed after they get back to Europe,

1940: Winston Churchill’s speech on The Battle of France

Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill give an impressive speech, on 4th June 1940, which is now known to many of us as ‘we shall fight on the beaches’. This event took place at the ‘House of Commons’ during the ‘Battle of France’.

1943: Ramon Castillo expelled in a Military Coup

Ramon Antonio Castillo Barrionuevo was the Argentinean President from 27 June 1942and was known for his corrupt ways of ruling. It was on 4th June 1943 that Castillo was overthrown in a military coup.

1946: Juan Peron was appointed as Argentina’s President

On 4th June 1946, Juan Peron, an Argentinean Lieutenant general, was elected 3rd time as the President of Argentina. He served his country for 9years, up to September 21st, 1955.

1961: John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev met at Vienna

On this day the former American president John F. Kennedy and Soviet statesman Nikita Khrushchev agreed on mutual terms to look after the Laos, a Southeast Asian region. Laos was suffering from a rough political situation due to the communist movement and this situation was stabilized by these 2 eminent political leaders.

1970: Tonga becomes an Independent State

Tonga is a Polynesian State, has more than 165 islands and since 1773, it was a British colony. It was on 4th June 1970 that Tonga became completely independent from the British and turned into a democratic country.

1979: Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings Rules Ghana

Jerry John Rawlings was born on June 22, 1947, was a Flight Lieutenant in the Ghana Air Force. It was on June 4th, 1979 that Jerry John Rawlings became the 8th Head of the State of Ghana through a military coup d’état.

1989: Ali Khamenei was chosen as the new leader of assembly of Experts

It was on June 4th, 1989 that Ali Khamenei was crowned as the new leader of the ‘Assembly of Experts’. He was also featured in the ‘Forbes’ list of ‘The World’s Most Powerful People’ for the year 2012,2013 and 2014.

1745: Battle of Hohenfriedberg

On 4th June 1745, the battle of Hohenfriedberg was fought as part of the war of the Austrian Succession. The Prussian forces, led by Fedrick the great, emerged victorious, against the Austrian army led by Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine.

1794: Port-Au-Prince in Haiti was taken over by the British Troops

Port-Au-Prince was the capital of a French colony called Saint- Dominguez, in the Caribbean islands. On this day in 1794, the British troops captured this region.

1859: Battle of Magenta

On 4th June 1859, the Battle of Magenta was fought in Italy. The battle is considered to be an important phase of the 2nd Italian war of Independence. The battle was fought between the combined forces of France and Sardinia, led by Napoleon III, against Austria, which was led by Marshal Ferencz Gyulai France emerged Victorious in this bloody battle.

1916: Brusiloy Offensive took place in Galicia, Europe

The Brusiloy Offensive was a phase of World War I in which the Russian forces attacked the armies of the Central powers on the Eastern front, known as one of the ‘most lethal offensives in the world history’, the agitation begins on June 4th and ended in late September 1916.

1940: Thousands of people Evacuated from Dunkirk

The ‘Miracle of Dunkirk’, the entire operation of saved about 338,000 soldiers of the World War – II emptying Dunkirk, France ended on 4th June 1940. This evacuation process had to begin since the armies of Belgian, British, and French countries were on the verge of facing defeat against the German Army in the ‘Battle of France’.

1942: Battle of Midway

The Battle of Midway was a gladiatorial battle fought in the Pacific Theatre stretch during World War II. The battle begins on 4th June 1942 and the United States Navy caused heavy and irreparable damage to the Japanese warships.

1944: German Submarine U-505 captured

A U-505 German submarine was seized by the U.S Navy on this day in the Atlantic. Several secret documents spotted inside the vessel greatly helped the American military experts decipher the war plans of the Axis’ powers.

1972: Massive train collision in Bangladesh

On 4th June 1972, 76 people lost their lives due to the collision between two trains, in Bangladesh. An overloaded train and the wrong signal given by the station operator were the reasons behind this accident.

2015: The Massive explosion at Accra

4th June 2015 is remembered as a black day for the citizens of Ghana, since a huge fire breakout took place at a petrol bunk located in its capital, Accra. This massive explosion claimed the lives of about 250 people.

1928: The ‘French Open’ Championship comes to an End

The famous ‘French Open’ tournament held at the Mecca of Tennis, ‘Stade Roland Garros’, situated in France, ended on 4th June 1928. Helen Wills won this competition, thus, becoming the first American to earn the honor.

1974: ‘Ten Cent Beer Night’ held

On 4th June 1974, the attempt to promote the baseball game between the ‘Cleveland Indians’ and the ‘Texas Rangers’ turned revolting. The promotional idea given by the Major League Baseball was to sell a 65 cent beer at a mere 10 cents. This resulted in the spectators getting heavily intoxicated and the consequent the brawls leading to the forfeiture of the game.

1976:‘Boston Celtics’ won the ‘NBA’ finals

The renowned American basketball team, ‘Boston Celtics’ won the NBA finals against the ‘Phoenix Suns’, another popular side, on 4th June. Many Basketball fans still are of the opinion that this was one of the most thrilling contests of that time.

1940: ‘The Heart is a Lonely Hunter’ was published

Acclaimed writer Carson McCullers’ first novel, ‘The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter’ was published on 4th June 1940. The widely successful work of literature spoke about the hardships faced at the Georgia mill.

1944: ‘The Adventures of Leonida Wetherall’ aired

The radio show known as ‘The Adventures of Leonidas Witherall’ was aired for the very first time on 4th June 1944. The successful series was based on the books of the writer Phoebe Atwood Taylor.

1976: ‘The gig that changed the World’ event attracts a large audience

On 4th June 1976, the rock band ‘Sex Pistols’ gives his performance at the ‘Free Trade Hall’, in Manchester. This event is remembered today also as one of the most successful and popular gigs ever in the history of music.

1984: ‘The Glamorous Life’ released

4th June 1984 saw the release of the famous song ‘The Glamorous Life’, sung by Sheila E and penned by the prince a famous musician. This 9-minute track received accolades worldwide and also nominated for a couple of awards.

1984: The Album ‘Born in the U.S.A’ reaches music lovers

On 4th June 1984, the lyricist and songwriter Bruce Springsteen released his seventh album, titled ‘Born in the U.S.A’. This album received a lot of accolades and became a hugely successful album worldwide.

1996: Metallica’s Album ‘Load’ Was Released

Fans of heavy metal can’t stop raving about ‘Metallica’ and in recent years, the band has become more of a household name. On 4th June 1996, this band released their album titled ‘Load’ that sold a whopping 680,000 copies within the first 7 days of its release.

1998: The Gershwins received a Star at the Hollywood walk of fame

66 years after the musical ‘Thee I Sing’ was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, George Gershwin and his sibling Ira, worked as a lyricist, were honored on 4th June 1998. This event, attended by the family members of the musicians, took place on the ‘Hollywood Walk of Fame’.

1783:Montgolfier Brothers exhibit their hot air balloon

The Montgolfier brothers, Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier were the inventors of a hot air balloon, they named ‘Globe Aérostatique’. It was on 4th June 1783, that they launched the balloon at Annonay, France and their invention achieve a huge success.

1784: Élisabeth Thible, the first Women to fly in a hot air balloon

Eight months after the first manned flight of a hot air balloon, Elisabeth Thible was the first woman to achieve the incredible feat, on 4th June 1784. She flew with Mr. Fleurant in the basket and the balloon flew for almost 45 minutes, attained a height of 1500 meters.

1812: Louisiana Territory renamed

Louisiana was an integrated territory of the US, formed out of the Indiana Territory on 4th July 1980. However, on 4th June in 1812, the twelfth US Congress renamed it Missouri Territory so that there is no confusion with the recently created State of Louisiana.

1825: General Lafayette Spoke at Lafayette Square (Buffalo)

On 4th June 1825, a French General Lafayette, a war veteran, made a historic speech at a square in Buffalo, during his tour of the U.S. The place is now known as Lafayette Square.

1855: Major Henry C. Wayne Attains Camels for United States Camel Corps

The ‘USS Supply’, commissioned in 1846, was a supply ship in the Navy used for the holding and transportation of the stores. It was on 4th June 1855 that Major Henry C Wayne boarded this ship with the unusual task of acquiring camels to establish the US Camel Corps.

1876: Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco

The ‘Transcontinental Express’ begins from New York City for San Francisco, via the First Transcontinental Railroad and its ability impressed many commuters. It was on 4th June 1876, that it arrived in San Francisco in just 83 hours and 39 minutes.

1896: Henry Ford successfully runs ‘Ford Quadricycle’

‘Ford Motor Company’ created waves in the automobile industry due to the success of their invention ‘Quadricycle’, which was the 1stautomobile designed by the legendary entrepreneur Henry Ford. It was on 4th June 1896, Ford finished this ethanol-powered masterpiece.

1974: Sally Murphy Became the First Female Pilot of the U.S Army

On the 4th of June in 1974, when Sally Murphy graduated from the ‘United States Army Aviation Center of Excellence’ in Fort Rucker, Alabama, She became the first female pilot in American history. Sally served as an officer in the forces for a good 27 years.

1986:Jonathan Pollard Found Guilty Of Espionage

Jonathan Jay Pollard worked as an Intelligence Analyst for the American Government. On 4th June 1986, he admitted revealing highly confidential information to Israel and was sentenced to life imprisonment for the same reason.

1998: Terry Nichols sentenced to death

On 4th June 1998, Terry Nichols, one of the major culprits of the Oklahoma City bombing incident of 1995, was awarded the death sentence. This disastrous incident claimed the lives of about 168 people and wounded about 680 people.

2003: Martha Stewart was charged with Fraud

Martha Stewart, a high profile entrepreneur, known for being the founder of the merchandise firm ‘Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia’, was busted by the government on 4th June 2003. Stewart was indicted for around 9 cases of crime, including fraud, which forced her to step down from her position in her flourishing business.

2010:Falcon 9 launched

An American aerospace manufacturing firm called ‘Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX)’ launched the rocket ‘Falcon 9’ on 4th June 2010. This event took place at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40, situated in Florida.