Today In History June 10
According to a famous chartbuster composed by a popular band, ‘Every day is the same’, but do you want to buy this idea. Well, every day is unique in its way and has a great historical significance which not many folks have a clue about. Several unforgettable events with varying magnitude happen daily, which go unnoticed. If we are to explore the depths of every day, we will realize what paramount importance every day has in our lives. One such day is 10th June, on which numerous events occurred and it’ll be difficult to believe that each one these episodes took place on this day alone. Starting from several political developments to many gory wars the history books have a lot to tell about this fateful day. Some interesting achievements in sports to myriad advancements in entertainment, media, and the music world have sparked revolutions across the globe. The dangerous act performed by Benjamin Franklin in 1752 while he flew a kite in the thunderstorm, is almost known to all happened the same day. Some of the most devastating and deadly natural calamities as well as man-made catastrophes also occurred on this day.
- 1775: John Adams Puts Forth a Proposal to Congress
John Adams, former U.S President, recommended the appointment of George Washington as the commander in chief of the Continental Army to the Continental Congress (the governing body of 13 American colonies) in Philadelphia. It was believed, that this would transform the army into a national force and that the government’s efforts in strengthening the nation’s military would be successful.
- 1963: John .F. Kennedy’s Iconic Speech at ‘The American University’
John F Kennedy, former US president, announced in the commencement address at ‘The American University’, located in Washington D.C that the U.S may stop the atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. The same day he also signed a bill to prohibit wage discrimination towards women.
- 1971: S Ends Trade Embargo of China
The United States announced to end the US-China 21 year trade embargo on 10th June. Due to the relaxation of this restriction, U.S exporters were allowed the freedom to indulge in trade with China. This mainly involved sales of agricultural, industrial, and office equipment, select chemicals, fertilizers, most farms, fish, and forestry products.
- 1980: ‘ANC’ Makes a Public Statement from a Letter by Mandela
Nelson Mandela, the leader of the anti-apartheid movement wrote a letter during his imprisonment. The African National Congress publicly announced one of the statements of this letter penned by Mandela. The message said, ‘UNITE! MOBILISE! FIGHT ON! BETWEEN THE ANVIL OF UNITED MASS ACTION AND THE HAMMER OF THE ARMED STRUGGLE WE SHALL CRUSH APARTHEID!’
- 2009: Muammar Gaddafi’s First Visit to Italy
Libyan political icon, Muammar Gaddafi made his first official visit to Italy from the time he was appointed the nation’s supreme leader. This was aimed at strengthening the relations between the two countries. Gaddafi was given a warm welcome by the Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi at Rome’s airport.
- 2011: Croatia Is Approved As a Member State of EU
June 10 was a historic one for Croatia, for it was given an acceptance to become a member of the ‘European Union’. At that time, it seemed like Croatia would officially become a part of the ‘European Union’ in the year 2013. Croatia eventually became the 28th member state of the EU.
- 2012: ‘Syrian National Council’ Chooses New Leader
Abdelbaset Sayda was chosen as the new President of the ‘Syrian National Council’ in a meeting held in Istanbul on this day. His predecessor Burhan Ghalioun stepped down from this esteemed designation several months before Sayda’s appointment.
- 2013: ‘NSA’ Prism Leak Source- Edward Snowden
Edward Snowden, 29, a former employee of the ‘CIA’ was found guilty of leaking information about NSA’s Prison Program to the U.K based news daily ‘The Guardian’. He had worked with the NSA for four years. Edward wasn’t intimidated by the consequences of this leak as he thought this was a moral obligation.
- 1864: Nathan Bedford Forest’s Troop Wins the Battle of Brice’s Crossroads
On this day Battle of Brice’s Crossroads was fought and Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate force, comprising of 2000 men defeated a relatively larger Union column which was led by Brigadier-General Samuel Sturgis. This bloody battle took place near Baldwyn in Mississippi.
- 1940: Italy Wages War on France and Great Britain
The infamous Italian dictator Benito Mussolini declared a war on France and Great Britain on this fateful day. The leader felt the war was required to expand his empire and capture British dominions in Africa. He also wanted to reclaim those territories which previously belonged to the Italians. There was an exchange of air raids between both sides.
- 1940: Germany Takes Control of Norway
Two months after the country was invaded by the Nazis and Norway surrendered to Germany. The Germans used a new tactic called the ‘Blitzkrieg’ (lightning war) during world war II and were eventually successful in defeating Poland, Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Yugoslavia, and Greece.
- 1944: Oradour-Sur-Glane Massacre
The village of Oradour-Sur-Glane in France was destroyed by soldiers belonging to the Nazi military troop ‘Waffen-SS’. A total of 642 men, women, and children were killed and the entire village suffers from severe destruction. There’s no reason or universally accepted explanation behind this massacre.
- 1965: Turbulence at Dong Xoai
The district capital of Dong Xoai, located in the Southeast region of Vietnam, was attacked by some 1500 members belonging to the political outfit ‘Viet Cong’. Few other ‘Viet Cong’ forces raided a U.S special force camp located a few miles away.
- 1967: The Six-Day War
The Six-day war was fought between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The Battle lasted for 6 days (hence the name), concluding on June 10th. This War was initiated by General Moshe Dayan, Israel’s Defence Minister. For the Arab world, this war was a massive disaster.
- 1999: NATO Temporarily Suspends Air Strikes in Yugoslavia
In an attempt to prevent instability in Kosovo, Yugoslavia, and halt the humanitarian catastrophe, NATO suspended the air campaign which lasted for approximately seventy-seven days. This took place after consulting with the North Atlantic Council, a subsidiary of ‘NATO’ and military General Clark’s confirmation.
- 1190: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa Drowns
The Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa led an army towards Jerusalem. While crossing the Saleph River, located near Antioch the monarch drowned. However, it is not very clear whether he drowned while bathing or he fell from his horse while crossing the river.
- 1692: Execution of Salem’s First Witch
On this day, Bridget Bishop was hanged for witchcraft, making her the first person from Salem, a village in Massachusetts Bay colony to be tried for such an act. She was known for her suspicious character and hence was found guilty. The infamous Salem witch trials have resulted in the executions of many.
- 1786: Landslide Dam Collapses
Ten days after the earthquake which occurred in the Kangding-Luding area, Sichuan, southwestern China, a landslide dam on Dadu River collapsed, killing 100,000 people. According to the records, this was one of the deadliest landslide disasters.
- 1838: Horrendous Massacre at Myall Creek
On this fateful day, a gang of eleven white settlers murdered 28 Aboriginal men, women and children, near Myall Creek cattle station in New South Wales. This massacre has been quite significant in Australia’s history because this is the first time white men were hanged for the massacre of the Aborigines.
- 1886: Eruption of Mt Tarawera
Mt Tarawera, situated in the Central North Island of New Zealand, erupted early in the morning on this day. People woke up to the sights of lightning flashes in the sky, fountains of molten rock, columns of smoke and ash, and the violent shaking of the ground. Approximately 153 people died on this fateful day.
- 1960: Trans Australia Airlines Flight 538 Crashes
A passenger aircraft which belonged to the aviation giant ‘Trans-Australia Airlines’ departed from Brisbane Airport, Queensland, on this day. While the aircraft was about to land at Mackay, it crashed into the sea. There were 29 people on board including the crew and the passengers who were killed in this incident.
- 1971: Train Mishap in Salem
A train headed to New Orleans from Chicago derailed in Salem, Illinois, which killed 11 people and injured more than 150. It is believed that the derailment of the train was caused due to a mechanical issue. This is one of the deadliest accidents ever reported in the United States.
- 1990: Captain’s Miraculous Survival in British Airlines Flight 5390
On this day, Captain Tim Lancaster narrowly escaped from an aviation disaster, when a defective panel of the windscreen blew out, causing the Captain to be pulled out of the aircraft for 22 minutes. The flight attendant caught hold of him quickly, thus averting the danger. Meanwhile, the first officer successfully managed to have an emergency landing.
- 2002: Midwest Storms Flood US
There were a series of tornado outbreaks that affected most parts of central and eastern North America from June 3rd to 11th. This resulted in serious flooding, worst affected being Lowa city, Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin. The Midwest region of the country was swept by heavy rainfall and flooding on the 10th of June.
- 1829: ‘Oxford’ and ‘Cambridge’ Lock Horns ina Boat Race
On this day, the first boat race competition between ‘Oxford’ and ‘Cambridge’ took place in Henley-on-Thames, London. eight-oared boats were used in this much-anticipated boating contest. ‘Oxford’ won the race in a short time of 14 minutes and 30 seconds and bagged a prize of 500 guineas.
- 1904: Jack White Wins the 44th Open Championship
In the 44th Open Championship held at Royal St George’s Golf Club in Sandwich, England, Jack White won the Championship by a stroke from James Braid and J.H. Taylor. It’s reported that for the first time play was extended to three days.
- 1934: Italy Beats Czechoslovakia: FIFA World Cup
At the ‘Stadio Nazionale PNF’ in Rome, Italy won the grand finale of the FIFA World Cup, beating Czechoslovakia 2-1. Sixteen teams participated in the tournament. For the first 90 minutes, the game was still 1-1, however in the 95th minute, Italy scored a goal in this thriller of a contest.
- 1957: Louise Suggs Wins 3rd LPGA Championship
On this day, the President of ‘LPGA’, Louise Suggs won the third LPGA Championship, which was held at Churchill Valley Country Club in Blackridge, Pennsylvania, Pittsburg. This event was held between June 6th and June 10th. Louise’s amateur career had created waves within the region’s golf circuit even way before she earned this laurel.
- 1978: ‘Affirmed’ Wins Triple Crown
Affirmed, won the Triple Crown on June 10 day, making him the last horse race to bag the honor. Affirmed was also famous for his rivalry with another horse named Alydar and eventually competed with his arch-rival in the 110th Belmont Stakes event.
- 1847: ‘Chicago Tribune’ Publishes Its First Edition
‘Chicago Tribune’, a famous newspaper based in Chicago, U.S, published its first edition on June 10, 1847. The renowned daily is owned by ‘Tribune Publishing’ and was found in the same year. Many sources claim the newspaper still the most read daily in the Chicago and Great Lakes regions of the U.S.
- 1924: First Political Convention Broadcast on Radio
On June 10, radio was utilized for the first time for a political convention held at Cleveland, Ohio. The listeners got the opportunity to hear the nominating speeches for Calvin Coolidge and many other events that took place during the convention. The nomination of Calvin Coolidge as Republican presidential nominee became the big news on the radio.
- 1939: Animated Character Barney Bear Makes His Debut
The legendary cartoon character Barney Bear was introduced on 10th June 1939, by the renowned studio ‘MGM’ through their short, animated flick titled ‘The Bear That Couldn’t Sleep’. Barney Bear is often portrayed as a sleepy and sluggish bear in pursuit of solitude.
- 1966: Beatles ‘Paperback Writer’ Released
‘Paperback Writer’ was a song released by the iconic band ‘Beatles’ in the UK on June 10. The lyrics have been written by musical legends Sir Paul McCartney and John Lennon. This song topped the charts in the U.K, U.S, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, and Norway.
- 1972: Presley Performs At the Iconic Madison Square Garden
Elvis Presley made his first appearance at Madison Square Garden, New York City. There were around 80,000 people who came to attend the show and Elvis performed four times in this Show. Elvis’ feat was considered a record at that time since the album was released a week after the live show.
- 1752: Benjamin Franklin Flies a Kite in Thunderstorm
We all have heard about the dangerous act performed by Benjamin Franklin while he flew a kite with a key tied to it in the thunderstorm and collected the charge in a Leyden jar. By this experiment, he concluded that lightning is an electrical phenomenon and the same can be transferred to other objects in the form of electricity.
- 1768: John Hancock Busted By the British Authorities
John Hancock, an American merchant, statesman, and a smuggler were one of the wealthiest men of his time and most of his fortune came from smuggling. On 10th June 1768, his ship ‘Liberty’ was seized by British Customs officials since they suspected that the cargo was moved illegally without Hancock paying for the duties.
- 1793: First Public Zoo in Paris
On this day, ‘Jardin des Plantes’, located in Paris, was declared a zoo, making it the first of its kind in Paris. ‘Jardin des Plantes’, which sprawls over more than 55 acres, was earlier recognized as a botanical garden. This happened amid the French Revolution which was quite intriguing. Most of the exotic animals were adopted by the zoo authorities under the National Assembly’s command.
- 1809: 1st U.S Steamboat to Make an Ocean Voyage
‘Phoenix’, a steamboat designed by the American engineer John Stevens, was the 1st American vessel of its kind to go on a voyage from New York City to Philadelphia. It took 13 days for ‘Phoenix’ to reach Philadelphia making it the 1st successful ocean voyage in history.
- 1933: Bonnie and Clyde Park Car Accident
On the night of 10 June 1933, infamous outlaws Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker were speeding along the streets of the North Texas countryside. They missed out on a detour sign warning of a bridge that was under construction. As a result, they met with an accident, in which Bonnie suffered from third-degree burns which made walking a challenge for the rest of her life
- 1935: Two Alcoholics Founded a Rehabilitation Program
On 10th June, in New York City, a 12-step rehabilitation program was found by two alcoholics, one an Ohio physician and the other a New York based broker. This rehabilitation program was named ‘Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A)’. This program helped the members of the organization in controlling their addiction.
- 1949: First Car Produced By ‘SAAB’
‘SAAB’, a renowned Swedish automobile manufacturer, mainly known for producing military aircraft during World War II, introduced its first car on this day. This vehicle was named ‘SAAB 92’ and was the firm’s attempt to penetrate the car manufacturing segment.
- 1977: Martin Luther’s Assassin, James Earl Ray Escapes from Prison
James Earl Ray, convicted for killing activist Martin Luther King, tried to escape from the ‘Brushy Mountain State Prison’, located in Petros, Tenn on this day. However, he was captured again after three days.
- 1984: The U.S Army Successfully Tested an Antiballistic Missile
As a part of its national defense program, the U.S Army made advances in testing the feasibility of hit-to-kill vehicles. After three failed flight test attempts, the fourth and the final one was successful on this day.
- 1985: Claus Von Bulow Acquitted Of Charges of Wife’s Murder
On this day, Claus von Bulow, a socialite, and lawyer of British descent was acquitted of the charge of trying to murder his wife, Sunny von Bülow, by administering insulin overdose. This resulted in her passing into a coma, from which she could never revive.
- 1986: Patrick Joseph Magee Is Convicted
Patrick Magee, 35, who hailed from Belfast, was convicted for his heinous terrorist act on June 10, 1986. Magee, a member of the ‘IRA’, was found guilty of planting a bomb during a Conservative Party conference, which was held at the ‘Brighton Grand Hotel’ and the explosion killed five people. As per the court, this was one of the worst acts of terrorism.
- 2000: Millennium Bridge Temporarily Closed On the Day of Its Opening
The millennium bridge connecting St Paul’s Cathedral and the Tate Modern gallery, located on the South Bank. It was closed on the day of its opening since it shook vigorously due to the mass of the pedestrians.
- 2002: Clint Messina Arrested
On this day, Clint Messina from Lacombe, Louisiana, was arrested and was also charged for the murder of a police officer, while attempting to escape. The Police later learned that he was wanted by the police for a crime committed a few months ago. Clint along with his associate Rose Houk, 31, stole a ‘Krispy Kreme’ doughnuts delivery truck in Slidell, Louisiana.
- 2002: Abdullah Al-Muhajir Arrested For a Dirty Bomb Plot
In Chicago, US, militant Abdullah al-Muhajir was arrested on the suspicion that he was planning to detonate a dirty bomb in the U.S. He was suspected to be an ‘Al-Qaeda’ terrorist. A dirty bomb is an explosive high on radioactive content and although it’s not as devastating as a nuclear it creates a significant impact on the psyche of its victims.
- 2007: Australia Uses Aboriginal Fire Management
Bushfires have been a common phenomenon in Australia due to the relatively hot and dry climate on the continent. Almost every year, these fires used to impact a vast portion of land and posed a threat to human life and property. As a result, the Australians adopted the Aboriginal ancient methodology of Fire management in 2007.
- 2008: George Mylonas Kidnapped
George Mylonas, a leading Greek Industrialist was abducted by a few armed men on this fateful day. He was nabbed from his home in Thessaloniki. Mylonas is the owner of a leading aluminum manufacturing firm and also the Chairman of the federation of industries in Greece. The reason behind the kidnap is still not clear.