Today In History June 29

Today In History June 29

World History reaches back to the ancient world and forwards to today’s headlines to deliver a chronicle of the people, cultures, events, and societies that have formed the history of the human race. A range of topics like Aztecs, Industrial Revolution, Silk Road, the Buddha, Space Race, and more provide a wide perspective across the world.

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June 29 is the 180th day of the year 2020 (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 185 days remain until the end of the year.

Let’s take a look at what happened on June 29 in world history.

June 29, 1944: The operation Epsom continues east of Caen. The Scots of the 15th Infantry Division secured the area around Graves, but the German Panzer Lehr pitted a very strong resistance and attacked the 2nd Argyll battalion in this village. Hard fights take place and the Scots owe their salvation only to the systematic intervention of the Allied air forces who take advantage of the weather and their great superiority in the air. The German tanks were annihilated by allied planes, which constantly harassed enemy movements.

The 11th British Armored Division, which has been retreating since the evening before, leaves the strategic position of Hill 112. Lieutenant-General Dempsey fears a massive counterattack of the Hitlerjugend and prefers to order the tanks of the 11th Armored Division to fold back on the left bank of the Odon River. Only the men of the 4th King’s Shropshire Light Infantry defend the position. The Germans take advantage of the opportunity to take Hill 112 points again, and hand-to-hand fights take place again. The bodies of the belligerents strew the banks of the Odon River and the battlefields in the vicinity of Hill 112. The spectacle is atrocious, the losses are terrifying. Several thousand British soldiers (more than 4,000 on the evening of 29 June) have been put out of action since the beginning of operation Epsom, which began on 25 June. Montgomery is worried about the turn of his operation and thinks then about a possible stop of Epsom in the days that follow.

On the American side, the 7th Corps of General Collins eliminates the last points of resistance in the city of Cherbourg which is now entirely in the hands of the American soldiers. Repairs to port facilities are beginning, but this may take a long time, perhaps even weeks, before the port can be used in deep water, vital to Allied troops.

North of Saint-Lô, “punch” attacks in the Bois de Bretel region against German defensive positions by the 115th US Infantry Regiment continued. The Allies advance centimeters by centimeters, at the price of a great effort, through the grove and the Norman hedges, impassable fortresses.

June 29, 1995: The American space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir to form the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth. This historic moment of cooperation between former rival space programs was also the 100th human space mission in American history. At the time, Daniel Goldin, chief of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), called it the beginning of “a new era of friendship and cooperation” between the U.S. and Russia. With millions of viewers watching on television, Atlantis blasted off from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in eastern Florida on June 27, 1995.