History is the study of life in society in the past, in all its aspects, about present developments and future hopes. It is the story of the man in time, an inquiry into the past based on evidence. Indeed, the evidence is the raw material of history teaching and learning. It is an inquiry into what happened in the past, when it happened, and how it happened. It is an inquiry into the inevitable changes in human affairs in the past and the ways these changes affect, influence, or determine the patterns of social life. History is, or should be an attempt to re-think the past. So let’s discover what happened on July 1 in world history.
1847: U.S. Post Office Issues First Stamps
The United States Post Office issued its first general issue postage stamp External, a five-cent stamp honoring Benjamin Franklin, the first postmaster general under the Continental Congress, and a ten-cent stamp honoring George Washington. The first U.S. postal cards were issued in the year 1873, the first commemorative stamps in 1893, and the first airmail stamps in 1918.
Stamp collecting became a popular hobby, practiced by a wide variety of people from school children to Presidents. Franklin Roosevelt was famous for his stamp collecting, a hobby he began at age 8. He told people he liked stamps for their link with geography and history. In the year 1946, his collection contained more than a million stamps. As President, he often received stamps from White House visitors.
While many postage stamps commemorate people, they also feature places and events. The image featured on the Homestead Act stamp was derived from a photograph of the John Bakkensode house External in Milton, North Dakota. Bakken was born to Norwegian immigrants in the year 1871 in Benson, Minnesota.
1916: France the Somme
After bombing the area of no man’s land between German and English Forces in Somme region of France the English soldiers went over the trenches expecting little German resistance but the Germans had large numbers of Machine Guns trained on the area and by the end of the day 20,000 British soldiers were dead and another 40,000 had injuries, this became one of the worst military decisions in history and the offensive was eventually stopped after 4 1/2 months with 600,000 British and French soldiers killed, wounded, or missing in the action.