“History is a narration of the events which have taken place among mankind, including an account of the rise and fall of nations, also as of other great changes which have affected the political and social condition of humanity.” – John Jacob Anderson
History is a great teacher. The accumulated knowledge about what happened to humanity so far not only enriches our understanding of the past, and it also allows us to understand the present and shape the future. The past, with all of its complicated choices and events, participants dead and history told, is what the overall public perceives to be the immutable bedrock on which historians and archaeologists stand. But as purveyors of the past, historians recognize that the bedrock is quicksand, that bits of every story are yet untold, and that what has been told is colored by the conditions of today.
Let’s discuss what happened on July 10 in world history:
Today’s Highlight in History: On 10th July 1991, Boris N. Yeltsin took the oath of office as the 1stelected president of the Russian Republic. President George H.W. Bush lifted economic sanctions against South Africa.
1940: Luftwaffe launches Battle of Britain
The German Air Force, the Luftwaffe, has mounted a series of attacks on shipping convoys off the south-east coast of England.
It is the primary major assault by the Luftwaffe and is being seen as what the Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, dubbed during the speech three weeks ago as the beginning of the “Battle of Britain”.Although heavily outnumbered, British fighter pilots put up a fierce fight and succeeded in driving off the attackers.
The Air Ministry says they inflicted “the greatest devastation on the German air force since bombing raids on this country began”.In total, the Air Ministry says 14 enemy aircraft were shot down, and 23 more was severely damaged.
The main attacks happened offshore later in the day when two shipping convoys were targeted. The former was at 1100 hours off Manston, and at 1325 hours a large force of about 120 enemy aircraft approached a convoy between Dover and Dungeness.
1985: Rainbow Warrior sinks after explosion
The Greenpeace Flagship Rainbow Warrior was blown up in Auckland Harbour, New Zealand.
One of the eleven crew members on board has been killed. He has been named as Portuguese photographer Fernando Pereira, 33. Two explosions, 60 seconds apart, ripped through the stern at 2345 local time (1245 BST) and therefore the environmentalists’ boat sank in 4 minutes.
Captain Peter Willcox said he had no clue what caused the blast, but strongly suspected sabotage since there have been no explosives on board and only a small engine was operating at that time.
New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange has condemned the explosion as “A major Criminal Act” and employed all government resources to start the investigation on it. He was agreed to consider loaning Greenpeace a boat to continue with their Anti-Nuclear action.
Greenpeace launched the 417 tonnes, 40m-long Rainbow Warrior in the year 1978. It had been named after a North American Indian legend but was built as a North Sea fishing trawler in the year 1955.