Today In History July 17


July 17 is the 198thday of the year 2020 (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.

History plays a fundamental role in human thought. It invokes notions of human agency, change, the role of material circumstances in human affairs, and therefore the putative meaning of historical events. It raises the possibility of “Learning from History.” And it suggests the possibility of better understanding ourselves within the present, by understanding the forces, choices, and circumstances that brought us to our current situation.

Let’s discover what happened today in history:

Today’s Highlights: On July 17 1996, Trans World Airlines Flight 800 (TWA 800), a Europe-bound Boeing 747, exploded and crashed off-Island, New York, shortly after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people on board.

1976: African countries boycott Olympics

The opening ceremony of the 21st Olympic Games in Montreal has been marred by the withdrawal of a total of 25 African countries. They’re all protesting at New Zealand’s sporting links with South Africa.

The International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) refusal to ban New Zealand, after the New Zealand national rugby union team had toured South Africa earlier in 1976 in defiance of the United Nations’ calls for a sporting embargo. South Africa has been banned from the Olympics since the year 1964 for its refusal to condemn apartheid.

1979: Sandinista rebels take Nicaraguan capital

Fighters of the left-wing Sandinista National Liberation Front have overthrown the regime in the Central American republic of Nicaragua and taken the capital, Managua. The notorious US-trained National Guard has crumbled, and its surviving commanders are negotiating a surrender.

In the last six weeks of this event, Sandinista fighters have gained control of 27 cities around the capital as well as the southern part of Nicaragua that borders Costa Rica.

President Anastasio Somoza Debayle the third member of the Somoza dynasty to rule Nicaragua since the year 1937 has fled to the United States.

That evening he abandoned the battle-torn capital with about 45 other people in five planes that landed at Homestead US Air Force base near Miami, Florida. Earlier, he had presented his resignation to Congress and handed over to the chairman of the lower house, Francisco Urcuyo, who is now the caretaker president.Mr.Urcuyo has declared the Sandinistas will have no part in his new government and demanded they lay down their arms. But the Sandinista-backed provisional government based in the city of Leon is expected to force Mr.Urcuyo to give resignation.

1987: Ex-Guinness boss owes millions

Former Guinness director Thomas Ward has been ordered to repay £5.2m to the brewing giants.

The High Court heard Mr. Ward had acted illegally by failing to disclose a transfer of funds to Guinness’s directors during the £2.5bn takeover of drinks company Distillers Group last year. In his judgment Vice-Chancellor, Sir Nicholas Browne-Wilkinson said: “Mr. Ward has been and is wrongfully in possession of Guinness’s money.”