July 29 is a significant day in the history of sports, as it was on this day that Cuba’s Javier Sotomayor created a new world record in the high jump by clearing the 8 feet mark. American athlete Carl Lewis won his fourth consecutive Olympic gold medal in the long jump on this very day. Other than this, after a gap of 12 years the first Summer Olympics held in the year 1948, because of World War II. Notable developments happened in the area of space exploration with the discovery of dwarf planet Eris and asteroid ‘15 Eunomia’.
Besides, In Today’s history in the United Kingdom, JRR Tolkien publishes his first volume of the successful book ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’. On the political frontin Today’s history, the United States and Japan signed ‘The Harris Treaty’ in the year 1858 and in Greecea referendum on abolishing the monarchy held in the year 1973. To ensure the safe and peaceful use of nuclear energy the ‘International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)’ establishedin history today i.e. on 29th July. In a tragic incident, after a rocket fired accidentally on the U.S navy ship – the ‘USS Forrestal’ we lost the lives of 134 service members we lost.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History i.e. 29th July
1968: Pope renews birth control ban
Pope Paul VI has confirmed a ban on the use of contraceptives by Roman Catholics despite a Church commission’s recommendation for change.Most members of the Pontifical Commission, set up by Pope Paul’s predecessor Pope John XXIII, argued it was time for the Church to face the realities of the modern world.
They said that with the increasing emancipation of women and the introduction of safe contraceptives the time had come for the Church to change its position. Yet, a minority disagreed and published their report advocating Church policy remain unaltered.
The papal encyclical letter, entitled Humanae Vitae: On the Regulation of Birth – comes after two years of deliberation by Pope Paul.He withdrew an earlier version after the warning given by liberals within the Church it was too uncompromising and likely to alienate many Catholics.Yet, the new version wasa little different from the original.
1993: Israeli court sets Demjanjuk free
John Demjanjuk found guilty of being one of the most hated Nazi death camp guards, has walked free from an appeal court in Israel after the overturn of his conviction.
The Israeli Chief Justice, Meir Shamgar, said the taken decision was based on reasonable doubt over the accusation that Mr.Demjanjuk was Ivan the Terrible, a gas chamber operative at the death camp Treblinka, in Poland.
Mr.Shamgar was careful to avoid declaring him “innocent”, but, saying there was ample evidence that Mr.Demjanjuk served as a guard in other camps.
John Demjanjuk never went to Ukraine, because a United State appeals court ruled he could return home while his original in the year 1986 deportation was reviewed.
He left Israel for the United States in September 1993 and regained his United States citizenship in the year 1998.The United States government, yet, resumed its attempts to strip him of his citizenship the following year.
In the year 2000, John Demjanjuk sued for damages of $5 million, saying the government’s pursuit of the case amounted to mental torture. The lawsuit was dismissed.
His citizenship was again revoked in the year 2002. A judge ruled that even if Demjanjuk were not Ivan the Terrible, there was enough evidence to prove he had been a death camp guard. Demjanjuk appealed in higher court again but was unsuccessful.