August 1, the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214thin case of leap years) marks as an important date in world history. Over time, many significant incidents and events occurred on this date in history which included battles, uprisings, assassinations, expeditions, natural disasters, and events of political, cultural, and scientific significance among others. Some important events that make this day special includes George, Elector of Hanover, ascending as the King of Great Britain and Ireland, marking the start of the Georgian era in the history of Britain; Joseph Priestley discovering oxygen gas; formation of the North American Aerospace Defense Command; and launching of MTV among others.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s Historyi.e. August 1
AD 69: The Revolt of the Batavi
The Revolt of the Batavi was an uprising against the Roman Empire. A small Germanic tribe called the Batavi in the Roman province of Germania Inferior (Netherlands) started the war. The Batavian’s hereditary prince Gaius Julius Civilisled the revolt and carried out between AD 69 and 70 till a huge Roman army under Roman general Quintus Petillius Cerialis defeats the rebels. The Suppress of revolt results in Roman strategic victory and subjugation of the Batavi.
1914: Germany Declares War on Russia at the Outset of the First World War
The Great War of 1914-18 began in August in the year1914. Politicians and Historians Debated the causes of this war ever since. One of the few things that historians have been able to agree about is that the war was the result of several different complex factors working together. These factors meant that the situation in Europe in the year 1914 was very tense. This in turn allowed one crisis to spiral out of control and spark off a war that killed millions.
The assassination of the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, on June 28, 1914, in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary led to First World War. Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia which the latter rejected partially. Austria-Hungary then declared war on Serbia. While Russia backed Serbia, Germany declared war on the Russian Empire on this day i.e. August 1, 1914, in support of Austria-Hungary.
1936: Adolf Hitler Opens the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany
On this day in Sports History, Berlin 1936 Olympic Games, athletic festival opening ceremony held in Berlin.The chancellor of Germany Adolf Hitler presides the ceremony.
The Berlin Summer Olympic Games serve as a grand podium for the belief that a nation’s best athletes can bolster its sense of pride and honor for another four years—setting the stage for real-world superheroes who defy the odds and challenge the capabilities of the human body. It is a tradition the globe is unlikely to kick.The Berlin Games were the 10th occurrence of the modern Olympic Games.
What was invented today in History?
1774: Joseph Priestley Discovers Oxygen Gas
It is an International Historic Chemical Landmark. English chemist and scientist Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen gas on this day isolating it in its gaseous state. This corroborates with Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele’s discovery of the element in 1772.
In a series of experiments culminating in the year 1774, Priestley found that “air is not an elementary substance, but a composition,” or mixture, of gases. Among them was the colorless and highly reactive gas he called “dephlogisticated air,” to which the great French chemist Antoine Lavoisier would soon give the name “oxygen.”
It is hard to overstate the importance of Priestley’s revelation. Scientists now recognize 92 naturally occurring elements-including nitrogen and oxygen, the main components of air. They comprise 78 and 21 percent of the atmosphere, respectively.