August 7 is the 219th day of the year (220thin leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. One hundred forty-six days remain until the end of the year. Over time, many significant incidents and events occurred on this date in history which included Polynesia Kon-Tiki Expedition, Truman Government Accused of Un-American Activities, and Space Explorer 6 launch, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Uganda Expels Asians from Country, Africa US Embassies Bombed and Switzerland Segregation of Asylum Seekers.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History, i.e. August 6
1972: Uganda Expels Asians from Country
The Ugandan leader, Idi Amin, has ordered most Asians (estimated to be 60,000) to leave the country of Uganda within 90 days or face the consequences. Most Asians in Uganda are British Passport Holders and expected to move to the UK many have been in the country for two generations and are the backbone to the Ugandan economy running local shops and other businesses. The reasons for the expulsions are the resentment by the black majority over their success. When the Asians were thrown out, 30,000 did immigrate to Britain but arrived with no money as they were not compensated for their businesses.
1998: US embassies in Africa bombed
At least 200 people killed and more than 1,000 injured following explosions at United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The bombings took place within minutes of each other at around 1030 local time.No-one has claimed responsibility but United States officials suspect the attacks were the work of Osama bin Laden, an Islamic fundamentalist. The first blast happened in the Tanzanian capital Dar es Salaam and the second, five minutes later, in Nairobi, Kenya’s capital city.
TODAY IN SPORTS HISTORY
1999: Boggs hits a historic homer
Wade Boggs, playing for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, hits a home run off Indians’ pitcher Chris Haney to give him 3,000 for his career. It was the first time a player hit a home run for his 3,000thhit and was the first notable moment in the history of the D-Rays. Boggs would be inducted into the Hall of Fame in the year 2005, yet there was a controversy on which cap Boggs would go in with. Having played most of his career with the Yankees and Red Sox, the Hall of Fame decided that he would go in with a Red Sox cap, having spent 11 of his 18 seasons in Beantown.
What was invented on this day in history?
1944: Harvard, IBM Dedicate Mark I Computer
On August 7, 1944, IBM dedicated the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), better known as the Harvard Mark I, to Harvard University. Harvard Mark, I was the largest electromechanical calculator ever built and the 1st automatic digital calculator in the United States at the time.
IBM had spent approximately $200,000 on the project and donated an additional $100,000 to Harvard to cover the ASCC’s operating expenses. It is said that before the dedication, Aiken published a press release announcing the Mark I and listing himself as the sole inventor. Only noting IBM’s James W Bryce in the release, despite IBM putting many other engineers, some of which were among IBM’s top talent at the time, on the project. Reports state that IBM CEO Thomas J Watson was enraged and only reluctantly attended the dedication ceremony and for a short time.