August 8, the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (221st in case of leap years) marks as a significant date in the History of the world. Several notable incidents and events took place on this date over the centuries, which included battles, uprisings, assassinations, expeditions, natural disasters, and events of political, technological, and scientific significance among others. Some important events that occurred on this day include Polio Mass Immunizations; Ship Sinks off Alaska, Denmark & Sweden sign the peace treaty, USA. Operation Pastorius, Estonian tribes, defeat Sweden in the Battle of Lihula and USA. First State Bank Tuscola, British-Russian trade agreement signed, Brazil IMF Loan, Britain wins the Davis Cup, and Carl Lewis set the Olympic record.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History, i.e. August 8
1962: Polio Mass Immunizations
A polio scare brought a decree from the Taylor-Jones County health authorities to do a mass immunization of all residents and encourage surrounding counties to do likewise. According to a spokesperson from the Medical Society, “The Sabin vaccine gives immunity to polio, whereas the Salk vaccine prevents paralytic polio.” They decided that the Sabin vaccine was the best since it was orally given, not like the Salk vaccine, which has to be injected.
1942: USA. Operation Pastorius
Six Members were executed in the electric chair at the District of Columbia jail, who were part of Operation Pastorius. Operation Pastorius was a failed plan by German Nazi’s to sabotage American economic targets including hydro-electric plants, railway stations, and other key US targets, they were landed in the US by German U-Boats in June, and the plan failed because two of the saboteurs (Dasch and Burger) decided they did not wish to proceed with the plan and informed the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The trial was before a seven-member military commission who sentenced all eight to death. Still, President Roosevelt commuted Burger’s and Dasch’s to prison sentences because of their co-operation with the FBI.
Today’s Inventive History
1609: Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei’s telescope
Galileo Galilei is considered the first modern astronomer for making public his telescope in August 1609. But one month earlier, England’s Thomas Harriot made drawings of the moon. These were the first drawings of celestial objects as seen through his telescope. Harriot’ s drawings were not published because he was making a comfortable living working for the Ninth Earl of Northumberland. In August 1609, Galileo presented his telescope to the Venetian Senate. He was immediately given tenure at the University of Padua and doubled his salary.