August 11, the 223rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (224thin case of leap years) marks as an important date in the History of the world. Several notable incidents and events took place on this date over the centuries, which included battles, uprisings, assassinations, expeditions, natural disasters, and events of political, technological, and scientific significance, among others. Some important events that occurred on this day include Watts Rebellion Begins, Russia Food Shortage, Philippines B29 Bombers, Federal prisoners’ land on Alcatraz, Germans begin to evacuate Sicily, Reagan jokes about bombing Russia, Last U.S. ground combat unit departs South Vietnam, and Weimar Constitution adopted in Germany.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History i.e., August 11.
1919: Weimar Constitution adopted in Germany
On August 11, 1919, Friedrich Ebert, a member of the Social Democratic Party and the provisional president of the German Reichstag (government), signs a new constitution, called the Weimar Constitution, into law, officially creating the Germany first parliamentary democracy.
Even before Germany acknowledged its defeat at the hands of the Allied powers on the battlefields of the World War I, discontent and disorder ruled on the home front, as the exhausted and hunger-plagued German citizens expressed their frustration and anger with large-scale strikes among factory workers and mutinies within the armed forces.
1965: Watts Rebellion begins
In the Black Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, racial tension reaches a breaking point after two white policemen scuffle with a Black motorist suspected of drunken driving. A crowd of spectators gathered near the corner of Avalon Boulevard and 116thStreet to watch the arrest and soon grew angry by what they believed to be yet another incident of racially motivated abuse by the police.
An uprising soon began, spurred on by residents of Watts who were embittered after years of isolation of economic and political. The rioters eventually ranged over a 50-square-mile area of South Central Los Angeles, looting stores and torching buildings as snipers fired at police and firefighters. Finally, with the help of thousands of National Guardsmen, the violence was quelled on August 16.
1972: Last U.S. ground combat unit departs South Vietnam
The last U.S. ground combat unit in South Vietnam, the 3rd Battalion, Twenty-First Infantry, departs for the United States. The unit had been guarding the U.S. airbase at Da Nang. This left only 43,500 advisors, airmen, and support Army left in-country. This number did not include the sailors of the 7th Fleet on station in the South China Sea or the air force personnel in Thailand and Guam.