Today In History August 13


Human events take place in time, one after the other. It is important to learn the sequence of historical events to trace them, reconstruct them, and weave the stories that tell of their connections. We need to learn the measures of time, such as year, decade, generation, and century. When they listen “Once upon a time in history” they need to be able to ask “When did that happen?” and to know how to find the answer.

Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.

1961:Berlin is divided

On this day in the year 1961, shortly after midnight,East German soldiers begin laying down barbed wire and bricks as a barrier between Soviet-controlled East Berlin and the democratic western section of the city.

After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into Soviet, American, British, and French zones of occupation. The city of Berlin, though technically part of the Soviet zone, also halved, with the Soviets taking the eastern part of the city. After a massive Allied airlift in June in the year, 1948 foiled a Soviet attempt to blockade West Berlin, the eastern section was drawn even more tightly into the Soviet fold. Over the next 12 years, cut off from its western counterpart and reduced to a Soviet satellite, East Germany saw between 2.5 million and 3 million of its citizen’s head to West Germany in search of more opportunities.

This Day in Inventions and Science

1878: The first victim of Memphis yellow-fever epidemic dies

On this day in the year 1878, Kate Bionda, a restaurant owner, dies of yellow fever in Memphis, Tennessee, after a man who had escaped a quarantined steamboat visited her restaurant. The disease spread rapidly and the resulting epidemic emptied the city.

Yellow fever, which is carried by mosquitoes, originally came from West Africa and was brought to the United States on slave ships. The disease requires warm weather to survive and thrives in wet and hot summers when mosquitoes can breed prodigiously. After a three-to-six-day incubation period, an afflicted person feels flu-like symptoms such as fever and aches. After a very short remission, a more intense stage often follows, during which the victim vomits blood and suffers liver and renal failure. Jaundice is also a typical symptom, which is how yellow fever got its name. If a victim dies, it usually happens within two weeks. Survivors can feel the effects for months.