“History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of Human Being.”- Shelley, English Poet.
History is the study of the past; specifically the people, societies, events, and problems of the past as well as our attempts to understand the past. It is a pursuit common to all human communities.
History can take the form of a tremendous story, a rolling narrative filled with ideal personalities and tales of turmoil and triumph. Each generation adds its chapters to history while reinterpreting and finding new things in those chapters already written.
Let’s discover what happened on August 18 in World History:
1920: 19th Amendment ratified thanks to one vote
A dramatic battle in the Tennessee House of Representatives come to an end with the state ratifying the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution on 18 August1920. After decades of struggle and protest by suffragettes across the country, the decisive vote is cast by a Twenty fourth-year-old representative who reputedly changed his vote after receiving a note from his mother.
America’s suffrage movement was founded in the mid-19thcentury by women who had become politically active through their work in the abolitionist and temperance movements. In July 1848, 200 woman suffragists, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott, met in Seneca Falls, New York, to discuss women’s rights. After approving proposal asserting the right of women to educational and employment opportunities, they passed a resolution that declared “the women of this country have to guard to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise.”
1795: George Washington signs the Jay Treaty with Britain
On 18 August 1795, President George Washington signs the Jay (or “Jay’s”) Treaty with Great Britain.
The Jay treaty, officially known as the “Treaty of Amity Commerce and Navigation, between His Britannic Majesty; and The United States of America” attempted to diffuse the conflict between England and the United States that had arise to renewed heights since the end of the War. The United States government objected to English military posts along with America’s northern and western borders and Britain’s violation of American neutrality in the year1794 when the Royal Navy seized American ships in the West Indies with France during England’s war. The treaty, written and negotiated by Supreme Court Chief Justice (and Washington appointee) John Jay, was signed in London in the year 1794 by Britain’s King George III.