History is a subject that possesses the potentialities of both a science and an art. It does the inquiry after truth, thus history is a science and is on a scientific basis. Also, it is based on the narrative account of the past; thus it is an art or a piece of literature. Physical and natural sciences are impersonal, impartial, and capable of experimentation. Whereas absolute impartiality is impossible in history because the historian is a narrator and he looks at the past from a certain point of view. History cannot remain at the level of knowledge only. History is a social science and art. In that lie its flexibility, its variety, and excitement.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.
1944: The seeds of the United Nations are planted
On August 21, 1944, representatives from the U.S., Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and China meet in the Dumbarton Oaks estate at Georgetown, Washington D.C., to plan the formal principles of an organization that will ensure the collective security on a worldwide basis – an organization that will become the United Nations.
Following up on a commitment made at the Moscow Conferences of 1943 to create an international organization to succeed the League of Nations, the Dumbarton Oaks Conference start planning its creation. Step one was the outline for a Security Council, that compose of member states (basically, the largest of the Allied nations) – the United States, the USSR, China, France, and Great Britain – with each member having veto power over any offer brought before the Council.
Many political questions would remain to be hammered out, like a specific voting system and the membership status of republics within the Soviet Union. A more precise blueprint for the U.N. would be drawn up at both the Yalta Conference in February 1945, and the San Francisco Conference, which would produce the United Nations charter, also in 1945.
TODAY IN SPORTS HISTORY
2004: Michael Phelps wins eighth medal
Michael Phelps became a superstar at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece, winning eight medals (that include six gold), tying with Soviet gymnast Aleksandr Dityatin (1980) for the most medals in a single Olympic Games.
Michael scored the first of six gold medals on August 14, when he broke his own world record in the 400-meter individual medley, shaving 0.15 seconds off of his previous mark. Also, he won gold in the 100-meter butterfly, 200-meter butterfly, 200-meter individual medley, 4-by-200-meter freestyle relay, and 4-by-100-meter medley relay. The two events in Athens, in which Michael took bronze medals, were 200-meter freestyle, and the 4-by-100-meter freestyle relay.