History deals with man’s struggle through the ages. History is not static. By selecting “innumerable biographies” and presenting their lives in the appropriate social context and the ideas in the human context, we understand the sweep of events. It traces the fascinating story of how humanity has developed through the ages, how man has studied to use and control his environment, and how the present institutions have grown out of the past.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.
1776: British forces defeat Patriots in the Battle of Long Island
During the American Revolution, British forces under General William Howe defeat Patriot forces under General George Washington at the Battle of Long Island, (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn or the Battle of Brooklyn Heights) in New York City.
On 22th August, Howe’s troops landed on the south beaches of Long Island, hoping to capture New York and gain control of the Hudson River, a victory that would divide the rebellious colonies in half. On 27th August, the Red Coats marched against the Patriot position at Brooklyn Heights, overcoming the Americans at Gowanus Pass and then outflanking the entire Continental Army. Howe failed to follow the advice of his subordinates and storm the redoubts at Brooklyn Heights, and on 29th August General Washington ordered a brilliant retreat to Manhattan by boat, thus saving the Continental Army from capture.
At the Battle of Long Island, the Americans suffered 1,000 casualties to the British loss of only 400 men. On 15th September, the British captured New York City.
1916: Romania’s Entry into the War and Defeat by the Central Powers
On August 27, 1916, Romania finally declared war on Austria-Hungary. However, the Romanian army was not well prepared. The lack of equipment and qualifications, combined with infrastructural deficits, especially the poorly developed rail network, caused many difficulties. After initial successes, the swift conquest of a large portion of Transylvania, the offensive came to an abrupt halt. The massive counter-attack launched by German, Austrian-Hungarian, and Bulgarian army pushed the Romanian armed forces on to the defensive.
By the end of the year 1916, more than half of Romania, including the main city, Bucharest, was in the hands of the Central Powers. King Ferdinand, who had been regent of the Balkans since 1914, had to escape to Iaşi, although the Germans and Austrians were unsuccessful in forcing Romania to its knees.