According to the famous English romantic poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley, “History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of man”. So, over the years we have been seeing the repetitive patterns of the way history presents itself to people. Great achievements, developments in assorted fields, battles of different kinds have their memories that linger around us even today. Even though history has a lot to teach, yet events of the same nature keep repeating again and again which probably makes history cyclic. One such eventful day in history is September 1, and you shall be shocked to learn that so much has happened on just one single day. Several great battles were started on 1st September; World War II is the most infamous among them. The other major battles that begun on this date were the Battle of Castelnaudary, Battle of Tippermuir, Battle of Chantilly, and the Battle of Sedan. The last one resulted in the capture of Emperor Napoleon III. Deadly natural disasters like the Japan and Iran earthquakes, the forest fires of Minnesota, and Hurricane Carol of Mississippi all took place on 1st September. Two well-known asteroids, 3 Juno 3 and 31 Euphrosyne, and solar flares were also discovered on 1st September. A lot of other events with varying importance took place on this day. And coming back to the cyclic nature of events, we can always figure out a strong pattern that keeps getting repeated which each passing year. Nevertheless, History still holds a very dear place in the hearts of people of every epoch and will continue to do so.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.
1632: Battle of Castelnaudary
The Battle of Castelnaudary occurred at Castelnaudary, France, on 1st September 1632, between the rebel forces of Henri II de Montmorency, and the royalist forces of Marshal Henri de Schomberg.
Duke Henri II de Montmorency was solicited by Gaston, Duke of Orléans to launch a rebellion against the King’s Chief Minister, Cardinal Richelieu. Using his position as Governor of Languedoc, he raised levies of troops and money and took command of an army of six or seven thousand troops. His force included several commanders who had previously served under him at the Battle of Avigliana including Brigadier Achille d’Étampes de Valençay.
1972: Bobby Fischer Becomes World Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer shows that his game is as grand as his ego as he becomes the first American to win the world chess championship. Fischer gains the title when defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union, in a losing position in the adjourned 21st game, telephones in his resignation.
In a competition that started July 11 in Reykjavik, Iceland, the 29-year-old Brooklyn native combines seven victories with 11 draws to register the 12½ points needed for victory. Fischer won the U.S. championship at 14, and he became the world’s youngest grandmaster at 15.
During his match with Spassky, Fischer squabbled over television cameras, the chessboard, noise in the audience, and late arrivals. The New York Times describes Fischer as “nervous, arrogant, inconsiderate, petulant, and demanding.”
Fischer earns $156,250 of the $25000 purse, while Spassky is richer by $93,750.