History is a dynamic intersection of truths, biases, and expectations, not just what happened in the past. The variety and complexity inherent in the study of history are demonstrated by a look at two very different historians, the Roman Tacitus, and the Byzantine Procopius. At least three different methods of accessing history are involved in history: it can be recalled or retrieved or even invented. Everyone is flawed in some way. For example, the complete and unvarnished truth about history is exposed by no historian or historical source, so memory is a fallible guide. Often, without context, no evidence brought to light by archaeology or historical research is complete, and the value of recovered historical data is often difficult to assess. Also, several alleged ‘histories’ can be shown to have been invented; at the same time, though, these fabrications also tell us a lot about the values and dreams of a culture. All in all, the best tales are the best tales.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.
1953: Britain tests its first atomic bomb at a group of uninhabited islands off Western Australia.
A group of islands is situated on the Pilbara coast of northwest Australia, about 140 kilometers from the Montebello Islands. There are some 170 other islands, including another 30 in the archipelago and also on the two main islands, Hermite Island and Trimouille Island. Most pearl fishing was carried out off the islands before World War II.
The first British nuclear weapons were tested on the Montebello Islands on 3 October 1952. The object of ‘Operation Hurricane’ was to evaluate the effects of a bomb smuggled into shipping 350 m offshore of Trimouille Island-which was of particular significance at the time. Within HMS Plym, a frigate of 1,370-ton Class River that was grounded in 12m of water, the plutonium implosion bomb detonated. The ensuing explosion left a crater on the seafloor 6 meters deep with a circumference of 300 meters.
1942: Nazi Germany initiates the Space Age, launching the first rocket to reach outer space.
In general. The Space Age is considered to be starting with the Soviet Union’s first artificial satellite in 1957. In reality, the Space Age started over ten years earlier with the construction of a Nazi Germany military test facility, where the first outer rocket was launched.
In 1936, in the northeast of Usedom, Nazi Germany started to develop a technical facility in Peenemunde. Foreign workers, prisoners of war, concentration camp prisoners, and forced labor were mainly involved in construction. It is considered the world’s first major testing center, the Peenemund Military Test site, under the direction of physicist Wernher von Braun, was responsible for creating the “wonder arms” cocket. The Aggregate 4 cocket (A4), Nazi propaganda, was known as the “Vergeltungswaffe 2”.
On 3rd October 1942, the first missile was launched. It was the first ballistic missile to enter outdoor space and flew about 90 miles into the atmosphere. The rocket was able to hold explosives four times sound speed. Today it is considered the blueprint for both new military and civil rockets the V-2 was used since September 1944 for attacks on Allied objectives in Belgium, Great Britain, and France. Even if it was directly responsible for the deaths of thousands of workers during their growth, more workers were killed, with estimates estimating that as many as 20,000 people were killed during production and testing.
After World War II ended, von Braun and around 500 of his best scientists were surrendered to the USA, which sought to recruit engineers from the facility to help develop space technology. The technology which von Braun developed led to his design of the Saturn rocket boosters which were eventually employed to put the first man on the Moon. The former test site in Germany is now the location of the Peenemünde Historical Technical Museum which, in 2002, was awarded the Coventry Cross of Nails for its contribution to reconciliation and world peace.