“History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of man”, the famous English romantic poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley says. Over the years, thus, we have seen the recurring trends in how history shows itself to people. Great results, advances in many fields, and fights of various kinds even today have their memories. Even though history has a lot to teach, yet events of the same nature keep repeating again and again which probably makes history cyclic. One such eventful day in history is October 05, and you shall be shocked to learn that so much has happened on just one single day.
Let’s discuss a few major Historical events in Today’s History.
1582: Pope Gregory decrees that October 5 will become October 15.
In the first position on 24 February 1582, Pope Gregory XIII decreed the Gregorian calendar, which was generally followed in the Western world. Aloysius Lilius suggested the Gregorian calendar first since the Julian calendar the year was slightly long, and the vernal equinox progressed steadily earlier in the calendar year.
The Gregorian calendar was active for the first time on 5th October 1582. It took a move to correct 11 days from the Julian calendar. In most Catholic countries such as Italy, Poland, Spain, and Portugal it was effective Friday 15 October 1582, the day after Thursday 4 October 1582. The Non-Catholic States, such as Scotland, England, and the latter colonies, and some Asian countries still used the Julian calendar until the beginning of the 20th Century.
1930: Airship crashes in France
In Beauvais, France, on 5th October 1950, a British conducive crash kills all of them aboard. Approximately a year earlier the airship that was the largest in Great Britain was launched. In the 1920s, major European countries fought to build bigger and larger airships to dominate the developing air transport industry. At the end of the decade, the R-101 became the newest model in Great Britain. The length was 777 feet, 150 tonnes and 100 passengers were capable of carrying. Six Rolls-Royce motors powered it.
On his first ride on 14th October 1929, an engine problem occurred and the R-101 grounded nearly a year later. Finally, Lord Thomson, a member of parliament who was the champion of the venture, returned to work in the following October. Thomson, along with a crew of 52, was among four passengers on the conducive as he set off on a journey to far Orient on the evening of 5th October.
The trip was problematic from the start. First, the crew accidentally released four tons of water ballast, the weight carried to control altitude, at the outset of the trip. They also took off straight into a storm hovering over the English Channel, even though dirigibles were known to be dangerous in bad weather. As soon as the R-101 reached the air over France, it was not able to hold a level altitude and was flying only 250 feet above the town of Poix. The pilots were not aware of the problem because of the night. Soon, the ship was skimming the trees of Beauvais. Eventually, it hit a small ridge and the impact ignited the airship’s hydrogen supply.